Laser for seeds
. germination capacity
. weight of seedlings (种苗).
Effect of Femtosecond Laser Treatment on Rice Seed Germination and Seedling Growth
The rice seeds of Longdao No.5 were selected as experimental materials.The seeds of Longdao No.5 were exposed by femtosecond laser at the wavelength of 800 nm,spot radius of 2 mm,power 650 mW and frequency of 1 000 Hz for 3 s,5 s,7 s,9 s,11 s and 13 s,separately.The effect of femtosecond laser irradiation on rice seed germination and seedling growth were studied.The results showed that the germination and the seedling growth of rice were stimulated by exposing the rice seeds with femtosecond laser.3～9 s femtosecond laser irradiation increased the rice germinating viability and germination rate.The inhibition of sprouting happened with the 11～13 s femtosecond laser irradiation.The height of the rice plant was increased by exposing the rice seeds especially when the seeds were exposed for 11 s and 13 s.The chlorophyll content,the POD activity increased and the SOD activity decreased after the irradiation treatment.
Parsnips and Celery are cool area crops suited to northern Europe. These are not mediterranean crops. Coriander has special uses as in vertical farming and is much used by curry houses and ethnic restaurants like Mexican and Middle Eastern. Coriander is hardy and can be grown outside as a field crop for most of the year.
Seeds were exposed to He–Ne (632.8 nm) red laser, Nd:YAG second-harmonic-generation (532 nm) green laser, and diode (410 nm) blue laser. Four different exposure times (45, 65, 85, and 105 s) with different intensity (2 and 4 mW/cm2), for each laser were tested. Phenology and yield components (plant height, leaf area, number of rows per ear, seed yield, harvest index, yield efficiency, and grain weight) were determined. The experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Plant height was found comparatively high in blue laser light—211 cm at 85 s. Blue and green laser lights showed significant increases in the number of rows per ear to 39.1 at 85 s and 45 at 65 s, respectively, compared to the control of 36 rows/ear. The order of seed yield was blue (7003.4 kg/ha) > green (6667.8 kg/ha) > red (6568.01 t/ha) based on different exposure times of 85 s, 85 s, and 105 s, respectively, compared to the control of 6.9 kg/ha. The findings indicate the possibility of using blue laser light to manipulate the growth and yield of maize.
In this study, the effect of the plasma treatment on corn seeds is investigated. Corn seeds were treated uniformly without burning or blackening by three kinds of plasma apparatus: RF plasma in vacuum, microwave-driven atmospheric-pressure plasma, DBD atmospheric-pressure plasma, and two other treatments: vacuum exposure only, and using plasma-activated water in the seed coating process, to investigate growth rate changes under realistic conditions. Each treatment was performed on a total of 1512 corn seeds. Seeds from each experimental condition were treated with the recommended rate of Poncho/VOTiVO with Acceleron, a commercial biological seed treatment that helps to protect the seeds from fungus, insects, and nematodes after planting. The 1512 seeds were divided evenly into three replications with 84 seeds planted for each replication at six unique locations across central Illinois. The results for germination, growth, and product yield over the 2017 growing season is presented. Overall no statistically significant difference in the yield of corn harvested was found between the control and any of the five treatments. This is likely due to the already near-100% germination rate of the corn hybrid used in the study and the use of the Poncho/VOTiVO protective coating on every sample.