Far-Field Superresolution Imaging via Spatial Frequency Modulation

Mingwei TangXiaowei LiuZhong WenFeihong LinChao MengXu LiuYaoguang MaQing YangFirst published: 03 September 2020 https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.201900011Citations: 3SECTIONSPDFTOOLSSHARE


The diffraction limit substantially impedes the resolution of the conventional optical microscope. Under traditional illumination, the high-spatial-frequency light corresponding to the subwavelength information of objects is located in the near-field in the form of evanescent waves, and thus not detectable by conventional far-field objectives. Recent advances in nanomaterials and metamaterials provide new approaches to break this limitation by utilizing large-wavevector evanescent waves. Here, a comprehensive review of this emerging and fast-growing field is presented. The current superresolution imaging techniques based on evanescent-wave-assisted spatial frequency modulation, including hyperlens, microsphere lens, and evanescent field-illuminated spatial frequency shift microscopy, are illustrated. They are promising in investigating unobserved details and processes in fields such as medicine, biology, and material research. Some current challenges and future possibilities of these superresolution methods are also discussed.

Laser-based technologies for green manufacturing (Photonics – Made in Europe Partnerships)


General informationProgrammeHorizon Europe Framework Programme (HORIZON)CallTWIN GREEN AND DIGITAL TRANSITION 2021 (HORIZON-CL4-2021-TWIN-TRANSITION-01)See budget overview

Type of actionHORIZON-RIA HORIZON Research and Innovation ActionsType of MGAHORIZON Action Grant Budget-Based [HORIZON-AG]

Deadline modelsingle-stageOpening date22 June 2021Deadline date23 September 2021 17:00:00 Brussels timeOpen for submissionTopic descriptionExpectedOutcome:

Projects are expected to contribute to the following outcomes:

  • Reinforcing European industry as leader in agile, green manufacturing through the application of laser-based technologies;
  • Improving the agility of industrial production by making processes more versatile, simpler to reconfigure and more efficient to control through data exchange;
  • Improving the environmental sustainability of industrial production towards ‘first-time right’ processes with 30% lower consumption of resources compared to the state of the art.


Machine tools include various laser-based technologies such as milling, turning, grinding, laser processing, surface treatment, sintering, forming and additive manufacturing. Projects funded under this topic should integrate state-of-the-art high-power lasers and tailored beams together with quality sensors and real time monitoring systems into advanced manufacturing and re-manufacturing tools.

Known research challenges are amongst others the transmission of very high average and peak power laser radiation without loss or distortion including in the ultraviolet, mid and far infrared spectral range, powerful optical fibres, programmable beam guidance, maximum positional flexibility, free choice of energy distribution, rapid quantitative feedback and beam distribution systems with sub-micrometre resolution and high performance. A further research challenge is the integration of quality sensors in laser-based manufacturing. These produce a vast amount of data with a need for dedicated signal processing. Edge devices with self-learning algorithms should be developed that can handle the computing requirements in the time required by the system to react with a feedback control action.

Project consortia should comprise research institutes, technology suppliers and users. They should demonstrate the benefits to the targeted technologies in at least three use cases.

Proposals submitted under this topic should include a business case and exploitation strategy, as outlined in the introduction to this Destination.

Research must build on existing standards or contribute to standardisation. Interoperability for data sharing should be addressed. Additionally, a strategy for skills development should be presented, associating social partners when relevant.

All projects should build on or seek collaboration with existing projects and develop synergies with other relevant European, national or regional initiatives, funding programmes and platforms.

This topic implements the co-programmed European Partnership Made in Europe and activities proposed by the Photonics Europe Partnership.Specific Topic Conditions:

Activities are expected to start at TRL 3-4 and achieve TRL 6 by the end of the project – see General Annex B.Cross-cutting Priorities:

Socio-economic science and humanities
Co-programmed European Partnerships
Co-programmed European Partnerships
show less…DestinationClimate neutral, circular and digitised production

This destination will directly support the following Key Strategic Orientations, as outlined in the Strategic Plan:

  • KSO C, ‘Making Europe the first digitally led circular, climate-neutral and sustainable economy through the transformation of its mobility, energy, construction and production systems.’
  • KSO A, ‘Promoting an open strategic autonomy by leading the development of key digital, enabling and emerging technologies, sectors and value chains to accelerate and steer the digital and green transitions through human-centred technologies and innovations.’
  • KSO D, ‘Creating a more resilient, inclusive and democratic European society, prepared and responsive to threats and disasters, addressing inequalities and providing high-quality health care, and empowering all citizens to act in the green and digital transitions.’

Proposals for topics under this Destination should set out a credible pathway to the following expected impact of Cluster 4:

  • Global leadership in clean and climate-neutral industrial value chains, circular economy and climate-neutral digital systems and infrastructures (networks, data centres), through innovative production and manufacturing processes and their digitisation, new business models, sustainable-by-design advanced materials and technologies enabling the switch to decarbonisation in all major emitting industrial sectors, including green digital technologies.

Accelerating the twin green and digital transitions will be key to building a lasting and prosperous growth, in line with the EU’s new growth strategy, the European Green Deal. Europe’s ability to lead the twin transitions will require new technologies, with investment and innovation to match. Research and innovation will be fundamental to create the new products, services and business models needed to sustain or enable EU industrial leadership and competitiveness, and to create new markets for climate neutral and circular products. The shift towards a sustainable and inclusive economic model will be further enabled by the broader diffusion and uptake of digital and clean technologies across key sectors.

As Europe transitions towards climate neutrality, some sectors will have to make bigger and more transformative changes than others, due to their centrality in a variety of value chains and their large potential contribution to emissions reductions. Activities under this Destination focus on the twin green and digital transition providing a green productivity premium to discrete manufacturing, construction and energy-intensive industries, including process industries. This will make an essential and significant contribution to achieving climate neutrality in the European Union by 2050, and to the achievement of a circular economy. It will also enhance the Union’s open strategic autonomy with regard to the underlying technologies. To achieve these goals, the activities in this Destination are complementary to those in Destination 2, which will enhance open strategic autonomy in key strategic value chains for a resilient industry.

The gross added value of the European manufacturing sector is EUR 2,076 billion (2019). The sector employs more than 30 million people in the Union and represents 22% of the world’s manufacturing output. The Union’s trade surplus in manufactured goods is EUR 421 billion (2019). Similarly, the construction ecosystem (driven mainly by SMEs) offers 22 million jobs and contributes 10.5% of EU-27 global value added[[‘Updating the 2020 New Industrial Strategy: Building a stronger Single Market for Europe’s recovery’, COM(2021)350 final and associated Staff Working Documents]]. However, the manufacturing and construction sectors must significantly reduce their pollution and waste, and increase their recycling. Moreover, the potential of digital technologies is underused in manufacturing industry, e.g. 12% of EU enterprises use big data technologies and only 1 out of 5 SMEs is highly digitised, and in construction, which remains one of the least digitised sectors with a notable underinvestment in R&D.[[The digital intensity of the construction sector is below 10%, meaning that the sector has a very slow absorption rate of digital technologies, according to the Digital Transformation Scoreboard 2018, https://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/image/document/2018-20/4_desi_report_integration_of_digital_technology_B61BEB6B-F21D-9DD7-72F1FAA836E36515_52243.pdf]] A key issue for the manufacturing sector is that its complex supply and value chains are heavily affected by the current pandemic crisis, and the sector needs to further develop resilience against financial and technical disruptions.

In addition, the Union’s process industries are important to its economy, its resilience and its environmental credentials. Process industries are responsible for a turnover of > 2 trillion, 8.5 million direct jobs and 20 million indirect jobs. They represent 0.5 million enterprises and 5 % of the EU27 GDP. The process industry however faces two key challenges: a strong global competition, and an environmental challenge. In particular, energy-intensive industries are resource intensive, using extensive amounts of raw materials (often imported and fossil based). In their operations, they generate large amounts of waste, 20% of global greenhouse gases (GHG) but also pollutants. The industries need to transform itself to decrease GHG and pollutant emissions, its resource utilisation and its overall environmental impact. It will have to achieve climate neutrality, near zero waste, zero pollution and zero landfill by 2050 at the latest. By 2030, decisive steps need to be taken given the long investment cycles these industries are facing. As the process industry is transforming primary raw materials into materials ready for use by the manufacturing industry, it will play a key role in the pathways toward circularity of materials by transforming industrial and end-of-life waste into secondary raw materials leading to the same quality output in the newly produced materials.

In the first Work Programme, outcomes of R&I investments in the long-term will focus on the following impacts:

  • Accelerate the twin green and digital transition of the manufacturing and construction sectors;
  • Create a new green, flexible and digital way to build and produce goods. This will lead to sustainable, flexible, responsive and resilient factories and value chains, enabled by digitisation, AI, data sharing, advanced robotics and modularity. At the same time it will help reduce CO2 emissions and waste in these sectors, and enhance the durability, reparability and re-cycling of products/components. It will also ensure better and more efficient use of construction-generated data to sustain competitiveness and greening of the sector;
  • Make the jobs of the humans working in the manufacturing and construction sectors more attractive and safer, and point the way to opportunities for upskilling;
  • Set out a credible pathway to contributing to climate neutral, circular and digitalised energy intensive industries;
  • Increase productivity, innovation capacity, resilience, sustainability and global competitiveness of European energy intensive industries. This includes as many as possible new large hubs for circularity by 2025 (TRL 7 or above); developing sustainable ways for circular utilisation of waste streams and CO2/CO streams; and electrifying industry to enable and foster a switch to a renewable energy system;
  • Contribute to a substantial reduction of waste and CO2 emissions, turning them into alternative feedstocks to replace fossil-based raw materials and decrease reliance on imports.

In order to achieve the expected outcomes, for particular topics international cooperation is clearly not mandatory but advised with some regions or countries to get internationally connected and add additional specific expertise and value to the activities.

In line with the European Green Deal objectives, research and innovation activities should comply with the ‘do no significant harm’ principle[[as per Article 17 of Regulation (EU) No 2020/852 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment (EU Taxonomy Regulation)]]. Compliance needs to be assessed both for activities carried out during the course of the project as well as the expected life cycle impact of the innovation at a commercialisation stage (where relevant). The robustness of the compliance must be customised to the envisaged TRL of the project. In this regard, the potential harm of Innovation Actions contributing to the European Green Deal will be monitored throughout the project duration.

To achieve wider effects activities beyond R&I investments will be needed. Three co-programmed partnerships will enhance dissemination, community building and foster spillover effects: Made in Europe for the manufacturing sectors, Clean Steel and Processes4Planet for the energy intensive industries. This destination has strong links to other clusters in Pillar II, notably Cluster 5 for the activities related to the integration of renewables and thermal energy management in industry, and with the European Innovation Council and Pillar III of Horizon Europe given the strong role of SMEs in the development of the innovations planned. Synergies will be sought to access blended funding and finance from other EU programmes; testing and deployment activities under the Digital Europe Programme (DEP); links to the EIT (Manufacturing and Digital KICs); and links to the thematic smart specialisation platform on industrial modernisation.

Much of the research and innovation supported under this Destination may serve as a cradle for the New European Bauhaus: this is about designing sustainable ways of living, situated at the crossroads between art, culture, social inclusion, science and technology. This includes R&I on manufacturing, construction, advanced materials and the circular economy approaches.

Business cases and exploitation strategies for industrialisation: This section applies only to those topics in this Destination, for which proposals should demonstrate the expected impact by including a business case and exploitation strategy for industrialisation.

The business case should demonstrate the expected impact of the proposal in terms of enhanced market opportunities for the participants and enhanced manufacturing capacities in the EU, in the short to medium term. It should describe the targeted market(s); estimated market size in the EU and globally; user and customer needs; and demonstrate that the solutions will match the market and user needs in a cost-effective manner; and describe the expected market position and competitive advantage.

The exploitation strategy should identify obstacles, requirements and necessary actions involved in reaching higher TRLs, for example: matching value chains, enhancing product robustness; securing industrial integrators; and user acceptance.

For TRLs 7-8, a credible strategy to achieve future full-scale manufacturing in the EU is expected, indicating the commitments of the industrial partners after the end of the project.

Activities beyond R&I investments will be needed to realise the expected impacts: these include the further development of skills and competencies (also via the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, in particular EIT Manufacturing); and the use of financial products under the InvestEU Fund for further commercialisation of R&I outcomes.

Where relevant, in the context of skills, it is recommended to develop training material to endow workers with the right skillset in order to support the uptake and deployment of new innovative products, services, and processes developed in the different projects. This material should be tested and be scalable, and can potentially be up-scaled through the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+). This will help the European labour force to close the skill gaps in the relevant sectors and occupational groups and improve employment and social levels across the EU and associated countries.

The topics serving these objectives are structured as follows:

  • Green, flexible and advanced manufacturing
  • Advanced digital technologies for manufacturing
  • A new way to build, accelerating disruptive change in construction
  • Hubs for circularity, a stepping stone towards climate neutrality and circularity in industry
  • Enabling circularity of resources in the process industries, including waste, water and CO2/CO
  • Integration of Renewables and Electrification in process industry

show more…Topic conditions and documents

General conditions

1. Admissibility conditions: described in Annex A and Annex E of the Horizon Europe Work Programme General Annexes.

Proposal page limits and layout: described in Part B of the Application Form available in the Submission System.

2. Eligible countries: described in Annex B of the Work Programme General Annexes.

A number of non-EU/non-Associated Countries that are not automatically eligible for funding have made specific provisions for making funding available for their participants in Horizon Europe projects. See the information in the Horizon Europe Programme Guide.

3. Other eligibility conditions: described in Annex B of the Work Programme General Annexes.

4. Financial and operational capacity and exclusion: described in Annex C of the Work Programme General Annexes.

5. Evaluation and award:

Award criteria, scoring and thresholds are described in Annex D of the Work Programme General Annexes.

Submission and evaluation processes are described in Annex F of the Work Programme General Annexes and the Online Manual.

Indicative timeline for evaluation and grant agreement: described in Annex F of the Work Programme General Annexes.

6. Legal and financial set-up of the grants: described in Annex G of the Work Programme General Annexes.

Specific conditions

7. Specific conditions: described in the specific topic of the Work Programme.


Call documents:

Standard application form (HE RIA, IA) — call-specific application form is available in the Submission System

Standard evaluation form (HE RIA, IA) — will be used with the necessary adaptations

HE General MGA v1.0 — MGA

Additional documents:

HE Main Work Programme 2021–2022 – 1. General Introduction

HE Main Work Programme 2021–2022 – 7. Digital, Industry and Space

HE Main Work Programme 2021–2022 – 13. General Annexes

HE Programme Guide

HE Framework Programme and Rules for Participation Regulation 2021/695

HE Specific Programme Decision 2021/764

EU Financial Regulation

Rules for Legal Entity Validation, LEAR Appointment and Financial Capacity Assessment

EU Grants AGA — Annotated Model Grant Agreement

Funding & Tenders Portal Online Manual

Funding & Tenders Portal Terms and Conditions

Funding & Tenders Portal Privacy Statement




Photonics for Net Zero

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Date and time

Tue, 10 August 2021

10:00 – 12:30 BST

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Online event Event description Addressing Net Zero Challenges through Collaboration in Photonics

About this event

The UK government is due to release a new innovation strategy in the next few weeks and this blueprint will be critical in defining the direction of UK R,D&I.

Net Zero will no doubt appear high on the agenda and Photonics will have a big role to play in developing innovative solutions to ensure that the CO2 we add to the atmosphere is no more than the amount that is taken away.

CSconnected, KTN, Photonics Leadership Group, Welsh Government, Photonics Scotland and Photonics Connected have teamed up to host an open innovation workshop on 10th August, where leading organisations will be sharing some of the urgent Net Zero challenges that Photonics can address, followed by breakout discussions to consider potential project themes and solutions that can be taken forward. It is envisaged that the outputs of this interactive workshop will be shared as part of representations to the Comprehensive Spending Review 2021.

We welcome registrations from across the photonics sector, as well as end-users of photonics technologies/systems to include diversity of capabilities and insights.

Please input as much information as possible on the registration form to help the organisers in ensuring that delegates can get the most benefit from the breakout sessions. Tags


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TE TM modes

Q: TE/TM at planar interfaces (with respect to incident plane)?

TMP: TM=p; TES: TE=s

Q: TE/TM in Mie cylinder (with respect to the cylinder axis)?

  • Transverse Electric (TE) means E perpendicular to cylinder infinite axis, H along cylinder axis.
  • Transverse Magnetic (TM) means M perpendicular to cylinder infinite axis, E along cylinder axis.

TE x-pol, TM z-pol


Q: TE/TM mode in Mie sphere?

In normal setting, x-polarized incident, propagates along z-axis,

Example a= 500 nm, lambda = 407.5

  1. XZ plane (TM mode)

XZ plane, E has component along z-propagation direction, so it is TM mode.

YZ plane (TE mode)

The |E| field plot above shows this is TE mode, E perpendicular to the YZ plane.

Develop new manufacturing instrumentation – UKRI

Develop new manufacturing instrumentation – UKRI Opportunity status: OpenFunders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Funding type: GrantTotal fund: £10,000,000Maximum award: £1,000,000Publication date: 30 June 2021Opening date: 29 June 2021 Closing date: 14 September 2021 16:00 UK time

Last updated: 30 June 2021

Manufacturing: instrumenting the future

Apply for funding to create new instruments that help solve a manufacturing challenge.

You must be a researcher at a UK organisation eligible for UKRI funding.

The new instruments must reach laboratory standards. They can improve existing manufacturing processes, develop new ones or do both.

Your research must address one or more of these areas:

  • manufacturing
  • manipulation
  • measurement.

This funding opportunity will not fund off-the-shelf equipment. Open all sections

Who can apply

To help us manage demand, you can submit only one proposal, either as principal investigator (PI) or co-investigator (Co-I).

Standard EPSRC eligibility rules apply. Research grants are open to:

  • UK higher education institutions
  • research council institutes
  • UKRI-approved independent research organisations
  • eligible public sector research establishments
  • NHS bodies with research capacity.

Check if you are eligible.

You can apply if you are resident in the UK and meet at least one of the criteria below:

  • are employed at the submitting research organisation at lecturer level or equivalent
  • hold a fixed-term contract that extends beyond the duration of the proposed project, and the host research organisation is prepared to give you all the support normal for a permanent employee
  • hold an EPSRC, Royal Society or Royal Academy of Engineering fellowship aimed at later career stages
  • hold fellowships under other schemes (please contact EPSRC to check eligibility, which is considered on a case-by-case basis).

Holders of postdoctoral level fellowships are not eligible to apply for an EPSRC grant.

If you are currently restricted under the repeatedly unsuccessful applicants policy, you will only be able to submit one full proposal (as PI or Co-I) during the 12 month restricted period.

What we’re looking for

Your project should be excellent novel research into the development of novel manufacturing instrumentation to improve existing processes and develop new capabilities.

You must develop novel manufacturing research techniques to the point that they can be incorporated into or form the basis of new laboratory-standard instruments. These instruments should be capable of supporting research into novel manufacturing and further development into industry-standard machines.

This funding opportunity will not fund off-the-shelf equipment.


Your research should aim to develop world-class research platforms organised around unique research instrumentation and infrastructure.

Your project must achieve one or more of the objectives of this call:

  • to grow the UK research base in important areas of strength or opportunity where the UK is, or has the potential to be, an international leader
  • to deliver advanced technology with the potential for innovation and growth
  • to develop the UK supply chain in advanced instrumentation and research equipment.

Your research outputs will be bespoke equipment, which could be:

  • an instrument based on existing equipment customised beyond the original specification and modified to suit novel research requirements
  • an entirely new instrument based on fundamental research
  • a combination of the two.

The instrument developed must offer a unique capability that has the potential to support the:

  • UK manufacturing research base
  • UK supply chain
  • the development of future commercial markets in emerging technology areas.

One characteristic feature of world class manufacturing research facilities is their unique experimental capability. In developing such equipment through this call, EPSRC hopes to help place UK research institutes at the forefront of global manufacturing research.

Areas in scope

The research proposal must address one or more of the following areas.


The development of a novel piece of instrumentation to create a novel product or to improve the creation of an existing product. For example, by making the process:

  • faster
  • cheaper
  • more resource efficient, capable or suitable for a wider range of materials or intended end uses or supply chains.


Development of novel handling processes to allow the faster throughput of materials, ease the use of difficult-to-handle materials and increase the operating range of machinery. For example, through:

  • being able to handle larger samples
  • being able to work on multiple samples simultaneously
  • overcoming accessibility issues.


Design and development of novel instrumentation to improve the speed and accuracy of measurement of equipment, the workpiece or both.

Examples of research in and out of scope

An example of research that may be considered within the scope of this call is the upgrading and development of existing equipment.

For example, this could be through the combination of two or more pieces of existing equipment to expand their present capability or enhancement through improved process control, systems or image analysis. In this case, the enhancement of existing equipment should exceed the current state of the art and availability.

Research not within the scope of this call includes the purchase and use of standard (in other words, off-the-shelf) equipment for manufacturing research (such as manufacturing and assessment of materials).

Manufacturing sustainability statement

The Manufacturing the Future (MtF) theme recognises the importance of considering the sustainability of manufacturing research across the breadth of the manufacturing portfolio.

You must outline your consideration of environmental sustainability relating to the research you will conduct. There is not an expectation that these projects will be focused on researching sustainability in and of itself, but to ensure that applicants have considered the wider implications of the research being conducted, prior to application.

This requirement will be in the form of an additional document, but it will not form part of the assessment made by peer review.

The statement should demonstrate and address:

  • considerations made to the wider environmental sustainability of your approach. For example, where appropriate, have any life cycle assessments been conducted? Is the research method energy and waste efficient?
  • does the research have potential for positive improvements in environmental sustainability for the manufacturing sector?
  • if (and how) the research may contribute to national and global sustainability priorities, for example Net Zero commitment, Paris Agreement, Industrial Decarbonisation Strategy
  • how will you ensure the research does not have unnecessary negative environmental impacts? If potential negative environmental impacts are identified, what is being done to minimise and mitigate against these?

Funding available

There is up to £10 million available through this call for projects expected to be up to three years in duration.

We anticipate that proposals may be small or large scale and do not have to be at the top end of either the time or cost spectrum to be considered.

We do not anticipate that the equipment developed within this call would initially be made available for wider use by other research groups. However, we do encourage you to consider opportunities for open access and wider use.

Due to the nature of the call, equipment over £10,000 in value (including VAT) is available through this call. Smaller items of equipment (individually under £10,000) should be in the ‘directly incurred – other costs’ heading.

We do not expect you to request single items of equipment worth more than £400,000.

The EPSRC contribution for equipment funded from the EPSRC world class labs budget is 80%. This increased from 50% on 1 April 2021. For equipment funded from other sources, such as the Strategic Priorities Fund, the required contribution will remain at 50%.

If a proposal is based entirely around the development of a novel instrument, the costs of the equipment required to develop the instrument can be funded at 100%. To qualify as instrument development, the following additional rules apply:

  • the equipment must be entirely novel
  • the equipment must be designed, fabricated, and tested in the institution or institutions holding the grant, rather than being built by an external manufacturer to a specification defined by the PI and co-workers
  • the focus of the project should be entirely on the design, development and testing of the instrumentation rather than the application of the developed instrument to a range of problems.

Depending on the focus of the work proposed, some proposals produced in response to this call may be considered as instrument development, provided they fulfil all the relevant criteria.

A decision on whether a proposal qualifies as instrument development will be made on submission of the proposal before postal peer review. This decision will be final and communicated to the PI.

Being classed as instrument development will not be seen as an advantage at the funding panel.

Read more information on EPSRC equipment funding.

Responsible innovation

EPSRC is fully committed to develop and promote responsible innovation. Research has the ability to not only produce understanding, knowledge and value, but also:

  • unintended consequences
  • questions
  • ethical dilemmas
  • unexpected social transformations.

We recognise that we have a duty of care to promote approaches to responsible innovation that will initiate ongoing reflection about the potential ethical and societal implications of the research that we sponsor. We encourage our research community to do likewise.

Therefore applicants are expected to work within the EPSRC framework for responsible innovation given on the EPSRC website.

Read the EPSRC framework for responsible innovation.

International collaboration

Applicants planning to include international collaborators on their proposal should visit Trusted Research for information and advice on how to get the most out of international collaboration whilst protecting intellectual property, sensitive research and personal information.

Read the Trusted Research guidance (Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure).

How to apply

Although proposals may be multi-institutional, only one application form should be submitted for each bid. Joint proposals on separate Je-S forms will not be accepted.

Applicants should ensure they are aware of and comply with any internal institutional deadlines that may be in place. You should prepare and submit your proposal using the Research Councils’ Joint electronic Submission system (Je-S).

When adding a new proposal, you should go to documents, select ‘new document’, then select:

  • ‘create new document’
  • council: EPSRC
  • document type: standard proposal
  • scheme: standard

On the project details page, you should select the ‘Manufacturing: Instrumenting the Future’ call.

After completing the application:

  • you must ‘Submit document’, which will send your application to your host organisation’s administration
  • your host organisation’s administration is required to complete the submission process.

Applicants should allow sufficient time for your organisation’s submission process between submitting your proposal to them and the call closing date.

EPSRC must receive your full proposal application by 16:00 on 14 September 2021.

As well as the Je-S application form, the following documents must be submitted:

  • case for support: eight pages – two on your track record and six on the scientific case
  • workplan: one page
  • justification of resources: two pages
  • CVs: up to two A4 sides each only for named post-doctoral staff, researcher co-investigators (research assistants who have made a substantial contribution to the proposal and will be employed on the project for a significant amount of time), and visiting researchers
  • letters of support from all project partners included in the Je-S form: no page limit, must be on headed paper, and signed and dated within six months of the proposal submission date
  • cover letter: no page limit, not seen by peer review, highlight any important information to EPSRC such as reviewer conflicts
  • additional document: up to two-page manufacturing sustainability statement.

You should attach your documents as PDFs to avoid errors. They should be completed in single-spaced Arial 11 font or similar-sized sans serif typeface.

Please ensure you adhere to the above attachment requirements when submitting your proposal.

Any illegible, missing, over length or unnecessary attachments may result in your proposal being rejected.

Read advice on writing EPSRC proposals.

Ethical information

EPSRC will not fund a project if it believes that there are ethical concerns that have been overlooked or not appropriately accounted for. All relevant parts of the ethical information section must be completed.

Read further guidance on completing the ethical information section of the Je-S form (Je-S).

EPSRC guidance can be found under additional information.

How we will assess your application

Assessment process

Applications will be assessed via a one-stage process, full proposal to prioritisation panel.

The submitted full proposals will be assessed through postal peer review. Reviewers will be assessing applications against the full proposal assessment criteria detailed below. Full proposals must be submitted by 16:00 on 14 September 2021.

Applications that receive sufficient support from reviewers will be taken to a prioritisation panel. The panel will assess proposals against the full proposal assessment criteria to produce a rank ordered list.

It is anticipated that the prioritisation panel will take place in February 2022 with decisions expected in March 2022.

In the event of this call being substantially oversubscribed as to be unmanageable, EPSRC reserves the right to modify the assessment process.

Any proposals not within the remit of the MtF theme will not be sent to postal peer review and you will be asked to withdraw your application.

Assessment criteria

Full proposals will be assessed against the following criteria:

Research quality (primary criterion)

This must include:

  • relevance to the UK manufacturing research base and potential to provide the UK with unique capability
  • novelty, relationship to context, timeliness and relevance to identified stakeholders
  • ambition, adventure and transformative aspects or potential outcomes
  • suitability of proposed methodology and appropriateness of the approach to achieving impact.

Importance (secondary major criterion)

This must include:

  • evidence of how the proposed research contributes to:
    • maintaining health of other research disciplines
    • addressing key UK societal challenges
    • current or future UK economic success or enables future development of a key emerging industry or industries
  • meets national strategic needs by establishing or maintaining a unique world leading research activity
  • complements other UK research funded in the area, including any relationship to the EPSRC portfolio.

Call specific – fit to call (secondary major criterion)

Describe the alignment of the research programme to the aims and objectives of the call.

Applicant and partnerships (secondary criterion)

This must include this evidence of the ability to deliver the proposed project:

  • appropriateness of the track record of the applicant or applicants
  • balance of skills of project team, including collaborators.

Resources and management (secondary criterion)

This must include:

  • the effectiveness of the proposed planning and management
  • the appropriateness and justification of the requested resources:
    • any equipment requested, or the viability of the arrangements described to access equipment needed for this project, and particularly on any university or third-party contribution
    • any requested activities to either increase impact for public engagement or to support responsible innovation.


Feedback will be provided in the form of reviewer comments, plus information on the panel provided on grants on the web.

Nominating reviewers

As part of the application process you will be invited to nominate up to three potential reviewers who you feel have the expertise to assess your proposal.

Please ensure that any nominations meet the EPSRC policy on conflicts of interest.

For more information about the reviewer selection process please see the related content links.

Guidance for reviewers

When completing your assessment, please make sure you complete the section marked ‘call-specific criteria’ to address the ‘fit to call’ criterion.

Read information about the EPSRC peer review process and guidance for reviewers.

Read EPSRC guidance on reviewing standard grants.

Contact details

Get help with this opportunity

Becky Cheesbrough, Manufacturing the Future Portfolio Manager.

Email: rebecca.cheesbrough@epsrc.ukri.org

Get help with your proposal

For help and advice on costings and writing your proposal please contact your research office in the first instance, allowing sufficient time for your organisation’s submission process.

Get help with Je-S

Any queries regarding the submission of proposals through Je-S should be directed to the Je-S helpdesk.

Email: jeshelp@je-s.ukri.org
Phone: 01793 444164

Additional info

Manufacturing research has a key role to play in the generation of long-term economic growth and jobs for the UK. This is dependent in no small part on UK companies using new manufacturing technologies, processes and systems to develop innovative and novel products.

The development of these novel technologies, processes and systems requires significant investment into the research of bespoke equipment and specialist instrumentation that address key manufacturing challenges.

The goal of this funding opportunity is to establish new technologies with a strong base in the UK, in terms of supply chains and expertise.

Supporting documents

Geometry symmetry-free and Higher-order Optical Bound States in the Continuum

该研究成果以《Geometry symmetry-free and Higher-order Optical Bound States in the Continuum》为题发表在Nature Communication上[Nat. Commun. 12, 4390 (2021)]。苏州大学物理科学与技术学院徐亚东教授、高雷教授和南京航空航天大学伏洋洋副研究员为共同通讯作者;苏州大学物理科学与技术学院博士生周庆佳为论文的第一作者。澳大利亚新南威尔士大学Andrey Miroshnichenko教授、黄陆军博士以及中北大学吴倩楠副教授参与讨论。该工作得到了国家自然科学基金、江苏省自然科学基金、中国博士后科学基金、江苏省优势学科等项目的支持。

Three dimensional laser microfabrication in diamond using a dual adaptive optics system


Femtosecond laser fabrication of controlled three dimensional structures deep in the bulk of diamond is facilitated by a dual adaptive optics system. A deformable mirror is used in parallel with a liquid crystal spatial light modulator to compensate the extreme aberrations caused by the refractive index mismatch between the diamond and the objective immersion medium. It is shown that aberration compensation is essential for the generation of controlled micron-scale features at depths greater than 200 μm, and the dual adaptive optics approach demonstrates increased fabrication efficiency relative to experiments using a single adaptive element.

Photonic Nanojets

This paper reviews the substantial body of literature emerging since 2004 concerning photonic nanojets. The photonic nanojet is a narrow, high-intensity, non-evanescent light beam that can propagate over a distance longer than the wavelength  after emerging from the shadow-side surface of an illuminated lossless dielectric microcylinder or microsphere of diameter larger than . The nanojet’s minimum beamwidth can be smaller than the classical diffraction limit, in fact as small as ∼/3 for microspheres. It is a nonresonant phenomenon appearing for a wide range of diameters of the microcylinder or microsphere if the refractive index contrast relative to the background is less than about 2:1. Importantly, inserting within a nanojet a nanoparticle of diameter d perturbs the far-field backscattered power of the illuminated microsphere by an amount that varies as d3 for a fixed . This perturbation is much slower than the d6 dependence of Rayleigh scattering for the same nanoparticle, if isolated. This leads to a situation where, for example, the measured far-field backscattered power of a 3-m diameter microsphere could double if a 30-nm diameter nanoparticle were inserted into the nanojet emerging from the microsphere, despite the nanoparticle having only 1/10,000th the cross-section area of the microsphere. In effect, the nanojet serves to project the presence of the nanoparticle to the far field. These properties combine to afford potentially important applications of photonic nanojets for detecting and manipulating nanoscale objects, subdiffraction-resolution
nanopatterning and nanolithography, low-loss waveguiding, and ultrahigh-density optical storage.